Morality, Loyalty and Citizenship: The Organization of Youth in Interwar Albania

Phd Dissertation

Morality, Loyalty and Citizenship: The Organization of Youth in Interwar Albania, EHESS, Paris, 2012

By relating organically youth, culture, education and placing these in a patriotic platform, the state youth organization advanced a project of a politicized society in a country were political activity and political parties were forbidden. It was the political content of citizenship that was supposed to preserve some socio-cultural relations and to transform others. Morality was an important element of this content as it was a crucial means in inciting profound changes in perceptions and (political) attitude. Therefore, state institutions attempted a control on morality education transforming its content by introducing political values, firstly national, then related to the survival of the regime. State youth organizations were means to spread these values, but also to introduce loyalty as an institutional dynamic